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语法解析:倒装句之部分倒装

小学生网 2020-10-19 01:23:20 12

部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。今天,小编为大家收集、整理了倒装语句语法相关的知识,一起来看看吧!

 

as, though 引导的部分倒装
as / though引导的让步从句由于语法需要,可将表语或状语提前(形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前)。但需注意:
1) 句首名词不能带任何冠词。
2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,随实义动词一起放在主语之前。例如:
Shortest as/though she is, she is not the richest.(倒装后,最高级前不用冠词)
Child as he is, he knows a lot.(倒装后,单数名词前不用a)  
Fail as I did, I would try again.(倒装后,实义动词提前,在主语后添加助动词。)
Hard as he tried, he didn't pass the exam.(副词提到句首)
Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. 他工作很努力,但总不能让人满意。
注意:让步状语从句中,有though,although时,后面的主句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。

so… that,such…that引导的结果状语从句中,当so和such位于句首时,用”sosuch + adj. + 主语+谓语”。例如:
So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch. 他害怕得很,动也不敢动。
So difficult was the exam that most of the students failed to pass it. 考试如此难,以至于大多数同学没能考过。

在if虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had, should等词,可将if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。例如:
Should it rain tomorrow, we would not play basketball.如果明天下雨,我们就不会去打篮球了。
=If it should rain tomorrow, we would not play basketball.
Had I prepared well, I couldn't have lost the job.如果我准备充分了,就不会失去这份工作了
=If I had prepared well, I couldn't have lost the job.
Were I you, I would try it again.
=If I were you, I would try it again. 我是你的话,就再试一次。

 

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